What is the Difference Between Ceramic and Porcelain Tile?
Whether you are planning a kitchen renovation or you are just looking for a new look for your home, it is important to know the difference between porcelain and ceramic tile. These two tile types are made from different clays and offer different benefits and features. They are also used for different purposes.
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Ceramic tiles are made from clay, which is either brown, white, or red. They are usually fired at higher temperatures than porcelain tiles. This makes them more resistant to moisture. However, they are less dense than porcelain tiles. They are also much easier to cut. They are more resistant to stains and scratches, making them suitable for high-traffic areas. Ceramic tiles are usually glazed with a surface layer to create a glazed look. They are available in a wide variety of colors, designs, and patterns.
Porcelain tile is made of a white clay known as feldspar. It is also a dense material that is more resistant to water. It has higher pressure than ceramic clays, resulting in a denser tile. The surface layer is usually glazed, allowing the tile to be nearly indistinguishable at first glance. It is often made to look like genuine stone or wood grains. It is also very resistant to scratches and abrasion.
Porcelain is considered to be more durable than ceramic tile. It is also a bit more expensive. It has been certified by the Tile Council of North America (TCNA) to meet specific standards. It also has the Abrasion Resistance Porcelain Enamel Institute (PEI) rating of 0-5. This rating helps consumers know the level of durability of the tile they are considering. Unlike ceramic tiles, porcelain is also resistant to mildew and water damage. It is therefore suitable for outdoor use in mild climates.
Aside from durability, porcelain tiles have strong advantages in terms of design. Porcelain is often made to look like other materials, such as wood, which gives them a unique look. This allows you to install them in any room in your home. It also offers excellent resistance to heat, so it is ideal for kitchen counters and other spaces. Depending on your needs, you may choose to leave them unglazed or to apply sealers to them.
Ceramic tile is made from clay, which is kiln-fired at a lower temperature than porcelain. It is also softer. Ceramic tiles are often installed in kitchens, bathrooms, and basements. However, they are not suitable for outdoor spaces in colder climates. They also require routine damp mopping to keep them clean.
Both tiles are available in a wide variety of colors, patterns, and surface textures. Ceramic tiles can be accentuated by trim pieces or borders. They are available in sizes ranging from small mosaics to large slabs. They can also be installed in almost any pattern you can think of.
Porcelain is less susceptible to water damage, so it is ideal for areas that are prone to wetness. It also has a through-body composition, meaning that the color stays consistent throughout the tile. It is also less porous than ceramic tiles, making it less prone to cracking.