What Is Ceramic Tile Made Of?
Ceramic tile is the most common type of tile. It can be used on walls and floors, and is a durable material. It is also easy to clean. However, it is not recommended for outdoor use. If you are considering using it on a patio, you should consult your local building inspector first.
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Typical materials used to make ceramic tile include sand, talc, and feldspar. These are mixed with water to form a mixture. Then the mixture is fired in a kiln. This process removes excess moisture and creates the hardened material that is known as ceramic tile.
There are many types of ceramic tiles, with a wide range of shapes, colors, and patterns. Depending on your needs, you can choose a tile that has an etched or textured surface to add visual interest.
Porcelain tile is a specialized kind of ceramic. It is created by blending a special kaolin clay mixture that has a higher density than ordinary clays. During the manufacturing process, the mixture is pressed into the shape of a tile and then fired in a kiln. When it is cooled, it is covered in a glaze that prevents stains from forming.
The American Society for Testing and Materials has standardized porcelain tile as part of its C373.2 specification. You can find this rating on the showroom label and next to products on the manufacturer’s website. Each individual tile will have a rating, ranging from 3-5.
In addition to its durability, ceramic is a very affordable material. It is usually priced at less than natural stone, which can be expensive. Additionally, it is relatively easy to install. With a basic tile cutter, you can cut a tile to size.
Porcelain is also more resistant to water damage. However, it is not frost proof. Moreover, it is not suitable for indoor or outdoor applications in all climates. While it is a good choice for locations with high foot traffic, it is not recommended for commercial applications.
Due to the differences in cost, ceramic and porcelain can be used for a variety of projects. Both are available in various colors and can be easily customized. They are also waterproof, making them ideal for bathrooms.
Besides their durability, porcelain and ceramic can be patterned and glazed in different ways. This gives them the ability to mimic different materials, including wood grains. Tiles can be used in both interior and exterior applications, but should not be used in areas of extreme cold.
Ceramic and porcelain tiles are both made of clay, but have different properties and are less brittle. They are generally cheaper than natural stones, but they are not expected to last as long. Despite the differences, both are very durable and can last a lifetime.
Both of these tiles can be cut with a basic tile cutter. If you are planning on installing ceramic tiles, however, you should take care to properly seal the grout to protect against stains.